Tag Archives: Yith

Through the Gates of the Silver Key: Chapter VI, Galaxies and Light-Beam Envelope Technology

As described in Chapter VI of “Through the Gates of the Silver Key” written by H.P. Lovecraft and E. Hoffmann Price, the insectoid-like beings of Yaddith were a technologically advanced species that could transport their consciousness through time and space similar to the Great Race. For the Yaddithians this was done with the use of “light-beam envelopes.”

Yaddith_JacquesBrodier_www.thewire.co.uk Yaddith by Jacques Brodier (www.thewire.co.uk)

When Randolph Carter’s consciousness entered the body of the Yaddithian wizard Zkauba, he took advantage of the light-beam envelope technology to travel throughout the twenty-eight galaxies and over ten thousand worlds known by the Yaddithians. Currently, based on observations made with the Hubble Telescope it is estimated that there are 100 billion galaxies in the Universe but this estimate is expected to increase to around 200 billion as improvements and refinements are made in telescope technology.

In Lovecraft’s time, the concept of a galaxy was relatively new. Prior to the early 20th century galaxies were described as globular star clusters or spiral nebulae. However, by the early 20th century Harlow Shapely determined the distribution, size and shape of some of these globular star clusters as well as the Milky Way. It was Shapely who determined that the Milky Way bulged in the center, surrounded by a large, flat area (http://science.howstuffworks.com/dictionary/astronomy-terms/galaxy2.htm). Shapely later called the identified star clusters or nebulae as “island universes” or galaxies. Others claimed that the nebulae were part of the Milky Way. Thus, in the early 20th century there was a debate on whether the Milk Way was essentially the Universe or if it was just one of many galaxies in a much larger Universe.

OSC_Astro_28_01_Abell2744                                               A very small fraction of the billions of galaxies identified by the Hubble Telescope

Toward the end of 1924 the debate was settled by Edwin Hubble. Using his 100-inch diameter telescope at Mount Wilson California, Hubble identified, with the use of Cepheid variables (stars that pulsate on a regular basis, producing a stable period and amplitude of brightness) that a spiral nebula had structure and stars similar to but separate from the Milk Way. This confirmed the presence of another galaxy and those Cepheid variables became part of the galaxy known as Andromeda. Thanks to Hubble, it was determined that the Milky Way galaxy is not the Universe but one of other galaxies spread throughout the Cosmos. The Universe got a whole lot bigger thanks to Hubble.

hubble_300                                                                                            One of Edwin Hubble’s first photographs of the Andromeda Galaxy (also known as M31)

The Yaddithians are known to be able to have the ability to travel through the 28 known galaxies. Possibly by coincidence, in the Superman mythos it is also stated that there are 28 known galaxies. I was curious why this number of 28 keeps coming up when we now know there are literally billions of galaxies. I hypothesize that this number of 28 stems from the findings of Hubble. After his confirmation that other galaxies exist, Hubble went on to discover another couple dozen galaxies. Thus, while at this time I cannot find an actual document to confirm this, I hypothesize that in the mid-1920’s as Hubble’s findings were presented to the general public somewhere it may have stated that Hubble identified 28 galaxies, which is why this number has been used in a number of venues.

Andromeda_m31_bers_1824 A more recent photograph of the Andromeda Galaxy one of the “local 28” for Yaddithians

Relative to the Yaddithians, the 28 galaxies may represent a local “cluster” of galaxies, composed of a few large galaxies, such as the Milky Way and the Andromeda, and a series of satellite galaxies that surround the larger ones. From a practical standpoint, traveling throughout Space-Time for the Yaddithians may be limited to these 28. As we have suggested with the Great Race’s ability to travel through Space-Time, the Yaddithian may transmit their consciousnesses through the Universe on a laser beam, to be deposited into the mind of another sentient being. The wavelength of a laser beam is microscopic and you can compress vast amounts of information on its wave pattern; even more data can be transferred onto a beam of X-rays, which has a wavelength smaller than an individual atom (The Future of the Mind: The Scientific Quest to Understand, Enhance, and Empower the Mind by Michio Kaku, 2014).

55-24760-green_laser_teaser                          Humans can transfer 26 Terabits of information per second with the use of laser technology. Do the light-beam envelopes of the Yaddithians perform a similar function but on a larger scale? Transferring an entire consciousness through Space-Time on a laser?

The Yaddithians probably used their light-beam envelopes to transmit their minds, with the aid of laser beams or X-rays as carrier waves, through controlled wormholes that opened up hyperspace and “beam” their minds into other devices or the “receptive” organisms on other worlds or in other times. Again, similar technology is utilized by the Great Race; however, for them instead of using light-beam envelopes, they used strange mechanical devices in conjunction with some alien crystals. In each case the result is the same – downloading the consciousness of an individual into a device and then immediately transferring it through Space-Time (most likely through a worm hole) into a new receptacle, which may be another organism or some type of artificial or cybernetic device.

lovecraft___snouted_yaddithian_by_kingovrats-d68pvtf                    Illustration of a Yaddithian by King Ov Rats. (www.deviantart.com)

In conclusion, it appears that both the Great Race of Yith and the Yaddithians had the ability to consciously travel through Space-Time. However, in order to get back to Earth Randolph Carter, trapped in the body of the Yaddithian wizard Zkauba, had to modify a light-beam envelope so that it could transport both the body as well as the mind of the individual. This topic, as well as the resulting cost this had on Yaddith, will be discussed next time. Thank you – Fred.

The Shadow Out of Time – Part 1, a Discussion on the Taxonomy of the Great Race

In HPL’s tale The Shadow Out of Time a previously unknown species and it’s associated civilization is discovered.  In typical HPL fashion, how this discovery is made is very unique and details on this will be discussed in subsequent articles.  However, for this article the focus will be on the unknown species – the Great Race.

The Great Race of Yith (from S. Petersen’s Field Guide to Cthulhu Monsters (1988); illustration by Tom Sullivan)

First thing that should be stated is that the “minds” of the Great Race are alien but there cone-shaped bodies are of Terran origin.  This being the case, as a resident species of Earth, it may be possible that the cone-shaped beings are also the by-product of the Elder Things creating complex eukaryotic life some the bacterial communities of the Archaen Eon.

In order to minimize confusion, a few definitions will be established.  First, the term ‘the Great Race” will be used to describe the fused entity that is the mind of the aliens and the body of the Terran cone-shaped species.  When focusing solely on the mind of the fused entity, the term Yithian will be used since  Yith is the planet where they come from, switching with the minds of the cone-shaped beings on Earth, just prior to some world-wide catastrophe on Yith.  However, even Yith was not the ultimate orgin of the minds, which is unknown.  Finally, when referring specifically the body of the fused entity, the term cone-shaped being (CSB) will be used.

Another illustration of the Great Race (from Nottsuo)

As a Terran species, the cone-shaped being (CSB) appears to be some highly specialized form of mollusk (Phylum Mollusca).  In particular the CSB may be in a taxonomic Class onto it’s own since it appears to have traits of two major groups.  First, the large fleshy foot is a trait that snails (Class: Gastropods) possess.  Second, the tentacle-like appendages at the top of the CSB reminds one of similar organs found on an octopus or squid (Class: Class: Cephalopods).

Example of a Gastropod, the land snail Fumonelix jonesiana (from http://www.bioweb.uwlax.edu).

Example of a number of Cephalopods (e.g. squid and octopus; http://www.tolweb.org).

It’s the large plate-like “exoskeleton” or “shell” of the CSB that is perplexing  in its investigating its morphological taxonomy.  We do not know what the plates are made of; if they are composed primarily of calcium carbonate then that is more evidence they belong in the mollusk phylum.  If these plates truly represent an outer shell then the CSB may be more closely related to snails.  However, some cephalopods have internalized shells (e.g. cuttlefish, which have an internal bone called a cuttlebone), while others have entirely lost their shell (e.g. octopus).  Without examining the internal anatomy of a CSB it is difficult to conduct a formal taxonomic assessment of them relative to mollusks.

Are the CSB are a highly evolved and specialized form of gastropod, cephalopod or some other unknown class of mollusk?  The octopus is considered to be the most intelligent invertebrate on Earth.  If any group of invertebrates has the potential to acquire higher levels of individual intelligence it would be the octopus.  Are the CSBs a more “advanced” form of cephalopod or do they deserve a separate taxonomic class onto themselves within the mollusk phylum.  Conducting a cladistics analysis with mitochondrial and /or ribosomal DNA, or possibly with RNA, with samples from CSBs and other mollusks would help to solve this riddle.

However, as we will see next time, it is possible that the CSB do not even below in the mollusk phylum.  In fact, maybe they are not even animals at all.  More details on this will be provided next time when we talk about the other aspects of CSB biology including reproduction.  Thank you – Fred

The Great Race of Yith by Pahapasi.