One of H.P. Lovecraft’s loves in life was astronomy and before he became a master of weird fiction, he observed and documented the events of the night sky. Much of what he documented and wrote about can be found in S.T. Joshi’s Collected Essays, Volume 3: Science by H.P. Lovecraft (Hippocampus Press; 2005). There is a lot of astronomical activities in November 2016 so I thought I would bring them to everyone’s attention.
Jupiter can be observed in the predawn hours in November. Additionally, Venus can be seen as a very bright, white object in the early evening, western sky.
Venus, The Morning Star (www.nakedeyeplanets.com)
Currently, the Leonid meteor showers are underway, which will peak in the predawn hours of the 17th of November and end around the 3rd of December. The Leonid showers is the remnants of material left behind from repeated passages of Comet 55P/Tempel-Tuttle crossing Earth’s orbit (www.weather.com). Lovecraft frequently observed and documented the Leonid “shooting stars” in the fall of 1906, 1907, 1908, 1914, 1916 and 1917 (Joshi, 2005).
In addition to the Leonids, the Taurid meteor showers will begin on the 12th of November. These meteor showers originate from material from Comet 2P/Encke. Lovecraft noted these showers in 1907 (Joshi, 2005). However, the real event in November is a Super moon, where the moon will be the largest it will appear in almost 70 years.
Meteors in the Night Sky by Linda Cook (www.earthskyscience.com)
A Super moon, also known as the Beaver moon or Frost moon, is a full moon that occurs when the moon’s elliptical orbit brings it closest to the Earth. This unusually large moon will occur on the 14th of November (Monday). The Super moon will look 14% larger than normal and will be 30% brighter than an average full moon! This is a once in a life time event so check it out if you get a chance. The last Super moon was in January of 1948 and the next one is not expected until November of 2034. By the way, the Super moon is not the Harvest moon, which is a full moon that occurs closest to the autumn equinox.
While Lovecraft periodically mentions the Harvest moon in his astronomical essays, there is no mention of Super moon, which is not surprising since it is not an official astronomical term and was not given its name until 1979. In addition, the term Super moon was first coined by an astrologer. Given Lovecraft’s total contempt for the pseudoscience of astrology he probably would have used one of the alternative names such as Beaver moon or Frost moon. However, again, if you get a chance please check out the Super moon this Monday (14th of November) – who know what the moon brings? Thank you – Fred.