Tag Archives: silver key

Randolph Carter Traveling Through our Solar System Back to Earth

silkeythu_www.redhorsewebdesign                                                 The Silver Key (www.redhorsewebdesign.com)

This will be the last article for “Through the Gates of the Silver Key” written by H.P. Lovecraft and E. Hoffmann Price, at least for a while.  In this concluding article, we review the last stint of Carter’s journey back to Earth from dying Yaddith. We previously discussed his travels past Kynarth and Yuggoth, where Kynarth may actually be a trans-Neptunian Object called Charon and thought of as a moon for the dwarf-planet Yuggoth (called Pluto by most humans). Here we focus on some of the main planets Carter passes by on his way home to Earth. Again, the specific planets are cited in this passage:

“He saw Kynarth and Yuggoth on the rim, passed close to Neptune and glimpsed the hellish white fungi that spot it, learned an untellable secrete from the close-glimpsed mists of Jupiter and saw the horror on one of the satellites, and gazed at the Cyclopean ruins that sprawl over Mars’ ruddy disc.”

Neptune is the outermost planet of our solar system and is one of the two ice giants (the other being Uranus).  It is 2.8 billion miles or 30.07 A.U. away from the sun.  It takes Neptune 165 Earth years to make a complete orbit around the sun and a “day” on Neptune is approximately 16 hours (solarsystem.nasa.gov). As we have previously cited, Lovecraft called the discovery of Neptune “…one of the most remarkable achievements of astronomical science, being no mere accident, but the result of long and extremely precise calculation” (Collected Essays: Science, Volume 3 by S.T. Joshi, 2005) and he was correct.  Before the planet was actually discovered, its existence was theoretically predicted by “reverse calculating” the irregularities in the motion of Uranus.

Neptune.png Neptune

In the passage above Lovecraft specifically mentions “…the hellish white fungi that spot it…” What is particularly interesting about this is that more than half a century later, in the summer of 1989, the Voyager 2 spacecraft conducted a flyby of Neptune and its moon Triton. Voyager 2 passed by Neptune’s north pole at a distance of about 3,000 miles (4,950 kilometers), which is the closest humanity or its technology has gotten to this icy, outer world.

During the Voyager 2 mission the Great Dark Spot was identified on Neptune. Such Great Dark Spots are thought to form and dissipate over the course of several years. Indeed in 2016, another Great Dark Spot was identified on Neptune with the Hubble Space Telescope. These Dark Spots are high-pressure systems of anticyclonic storms and what is particularly interesting is that they are typically accompanied by bright companion clouds.

The Great Dark Spot is thought to be a high-pressure hole in the methane-cloud atmosphere is Neptune. The bright companion clouds are higher in the atmosphere, at or just below the tropopause layer, while the Darks Spots are in the lower altitudes of the troposphere. The high-pressure hole of the Great Dark Spots may concentrate the methane along the edges of the Spots, possibly also generating heat. Is it possible that these atmospheric ecotones of higher concentrations of slightly warmer methane form a habitat conducive for the hellish white fungi? In addition, why is the fungi called “hellish?” Is it possible the hellish conditions are in reference to these storms having winds of up to 1,500 miles per hour (2,400 kilometers per hour), which are some of the fastest winds in the Solar System? Or does it have to do with something related to the white fungus itself? Maybe it was something Carter witnessed as he passed by Neptune.

whitefungi2          Are Neptunian fungi similar to Earth fungi such as this one?

As Carter passed Jupiter he “…learned an untellable secrete from the close-glimpsed mists of Jupiter…” The atmosphere if Jupiter is composed primarily of hydrogen (90%) with helium accounting for almost 10% and other gases making up the remaining < 1%, including ammonia, sulfur, methane and water vapor. What untellable secrete the mists of Jupiter held only Carter knows; however, maybe Carter passed through the mists, down into the lower portions of the planet’s atmosphere to discover this untellable secret.

In addition to Jupiter itself, Carter also “…saw the horror on one of the satellites…” This may have been in reference to the insect philosophers that crawl proudly over the fourth moon of Jupiter, as cited in “Beyond the Walls of Sleep.” The “fourth moon” may be in reference to Jupiter’s moon Callisto, the fourth of the Galilean moons. However, of the four Galilean moons, Europa has the highest potential for harboring life. It has a thick crust of ice covering a liquid ocean that may possess life. With that said, the horror may be on either of these moons or even on one of the other 65 satellites of Jupiter.

Europa.jpg     One of Jupiter’s moons – Europa

Finally, as Carter approached Earth and passed Mars he “…gazed at the Cyclopean ruins that sprawl over Mars’ ruddy disc.” In general, Lovecraft was somewhat skeptical of life on Mars but he did not think it was out of the realm of possibility. However, other than Carter’s flyby Mars, Lovecraft makes no other reference to this planet in his tales. Thus, the Cyclopean ruins may be the remnants of an ancient civilization. Additionally, the cyclopean aspect of the ruins may indicate that they are spread over a large portion of land, similar to the Antarctician city of the Elder Things in At the Mountains of Madness. Thus, these Martian ruins may be spread over the largest volcano on Mars, Olympus Mons, which is also the Solar System’s tallest planetary mountain with a diameter of 374 miles and a total height of 15.5 miles. This makes Olympus Mons three time larger than Mount Everest and most of the peaks at the Mountains of Madness. Thus, the ancient, Cyclopean ruins that Carter observed on Mars may have been scattered over the Olympus Mons.

insectphil                                                                            An insect philosopher from one of the moons of Jupiter by Michael Bukowski (www.yog-blogsoth.blogspot.com)

Again, this is last article on “Through the Gates of the Silver Key.” At least for a while. Next time we will discuss World War I submarine technology in H.P. Lovecraft’s “The Temple.” Thank you – Fred.

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Yaddithian Technology to Travel Through Space-Time

In the concluding chapters of “Through the Gates of the Silver Key,” written by H.P. Lovecraft and E. Hoffmann Price, the consciousness of Randolph Carter’s co-occupied the body of the Yaddithian Wizard Zkauba and eventually found a way of using Yaddithian technology to actually transport the physical body of the wizard through time and space in order to arrive on Earth. When Carter first ended up in the body of Zkauba he discovered that the Yaddithians had a technology called light-wave envelopes that allowed them to travel through vast expanses of time and space. However, similar to the Great Race of Yith, their space-time traveling technology was only limited to the mind and not the physical body.

trough_the_gates_of_the_silver_key_by_airborneterror-d6x54aq Through the Gates of the Silver Key by Air Borne Terror (www.deviantart.com)

We have cited in previous articles that Michio Kaku discusses the feasibility of uploading one’s consciousness and transferring it through vast expanses of space, to be downloaded into another biological being or some type of artificial construct in The Future of the Mind (2015). Such technology may be utilized by the Great Race of Yith, downloading their minds into an unsuspecting species and pushing the resident consciousness into Race’s previous bodies. Randolph Carter utilized a more metaphysical means of transferring his consciousness into the body of the Wizard Zkauba. However, in this case both consciousnesses remained in the same physical form and without the parchment, Carter was trapped in the Yaddithian’s body.

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While the Great Race of Yith can switch their consciousness with another individual, the Yaddithian found a way of transporting their consciousness through Space-Time. In the case of the Yaddithians, their consciousness is encased in a light-wave envelope and is not downloaded into other being or machine. Instead these light-wave envelopes provide the means for a consciousness to travel and survey the cosmos in order to conduct passive observations, something Lovecraft often fantasized about and also made reference to with the brain cylinders of the Mi-Go in “The Whisperer in Darkness.”

So how did these light-wave envelopes function? Based on the description given by Carter, the envelope must operate on a quantum level.  A number of times they are described as a light-wave envelope (e.g. photon, a type of boson subatomic particle) and once it is referred to as composed of an electron-activated metal (electrons as well as protons and neutrons are a type of particle called fermions, which are the fundamental building blocks of matter we are familiar with; not antimatter, not dark matter). If the Space-Time envelopes were only described as light-waves then we would hypothesize that the envelope would work similar to what Kaku describes – placing the data of one’s consciousness onto a light wave and beaming it to a receiving waystation. In contrast, if it was only described as an electron-activated metal, then the data may be placed onto the wave function of the electron as it spins around the nucleus. The fact that both particles are mentioned indicates that the technology may be operating on a “sub-quantum” level that we do not yet understand.

yaddithian_by_mara999-d9tc3bj

Yaddithian by Mara999 (www.deivantart.com)

Subquantum Kinetics is an alternative to the more conventional approach to quantum mechanics where a set of theories are attempted to be stitched together create the Unified Field Theory of physics. In contrast, subquantum kinetics presents a set of well-ordered reaction processes that are proposed to take place at the subquantum level. Collectively, these reaction processes are defined as the transmuting ether, an active substrate that is quite different from the passive mechanical ethers considered in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and frequently cited by H.P. Lovecraft. In the case of intergalactic travel by the Mi-Go or the Elder Things, Lovecraft hypothesized that this was accomplished by their propulsion through the “luminiferous aether.”

Subquantum Kinetics further proposes that the concentrations of the substrates composing this ether are the energy potential fields that form the basis of all matter and energy in our universe (The Cosmic Ether: Introduction to Subquantum Kinetics by Paul A. LaViolette from Physics Procedia, Volume 38, 2012, pages 326-349). The operation of these ether reactions causes wave-like field gradients (spatial concentration patterns) to emerge and form the observable quantum level structures and physical phenomena (e.g., subatomic particles with mass, charge, spin, and force field effects and electromagnetic waves). I have also seen an explanation of subquantum kinetics as an attempt “…to explain how the building blocks of the universe (protons, neutrons and photons) are formed continuously and naturally from reactions occurring in higher-dimensional non-physical space.”

SQK-227x300

I know next to nothing about subquantum kinetics and need to learn more; however, I am not familiar with any experiment evidence to support this hypothesis. With that said, subquantum kinetics appears to avoid the compilations of jamming a number of physical forces into one Unifying Theory by treating all energy and matter the same on the sub-sub-atomic level. Thus, instead of ending up with a Unifying Theory, you are starting with one. Is it possible that the Yaddithians utilized subquantum kinetics to develop a means of transporting one’s consciousness through Space-Time? If this is the case, then Randolph Carter actually improved upon this technology by retrofitting it so one’s physical body as well as their consciousness could be transported. However, keep in mind that it took Carter thousands of years to perfect this technology and even so he still could not separate his consciousness from the Yaddithian wizard without the aid of the parchment and the Silver Key.

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Next time we conclude the odyssey of “Through the Gates of the Silver Key” by reviewing some of the worlds Carter passed by as he returned to Earth.  Thank you – Fred.

Through the Gates of the Silver Key: Chapter VI, Galaxies and Light-Beam Envelope Technology

As described in Chapter VI of “Through the Gates of the Silver Key” written by H.P. Lovecraft and E. Hoffmann Price, the insectoid-like beings of Yaddith were a technologically advanced species that could transport their consciousness through time and space similar to the Great Race. For the Yaddithians this was done with the use of “light-beam envelopes.”

Yaddith_JacquesBrodier_www.thewire.co.uk Yaddith by Jacques Brodier (www.thewire.co.uk)

When Randolph Carter’s consciousness entered the body of the Yaddithian wizard Zkauba, he took advantage of the light-beam envelope technology to travel throughout the twenty-eight galaxies and over ten thousand worlds known by the Yaddithians. Currently, based on observations made with the Hubble Telescope it is estimated that there are 100 billion galaxies in the Universe but this estimate is expected to increase to around 200 billion as improvements and refinements are made in telescope technology.

In Lovecraft’s time, the concept of a galaxy was relatively new. Prior to the early 20th century galaxies were described as globular star clusters or spiral nebulae. However, by the early 20th century Harlow Shapely determined the distribution, size and shape of some of these globular star clusters as well as the Milky Way. It was Shapely who determined that the Milky Way bulged in the center, surrounded by a large, flat area (http://science.howstuffworks.com/dictionary/astronomy-terms/galaxy2.htm). Shapely later called the identified star clusters or nebulae as “island universes” or galaxies. Others claimed that the nebulae were part of the Milky Way. Thus, in the early 20th century there was a debate on whether the Milk Way was essentially the Universe or if it was just one of many galaxies in a much larger Universe.

OSC_Astro_28_01_Abell2744                                               A very small fraction of the billions of galaxies identified by the Hubble Telescope

Toward the end of 1924 the debate was settled by Edwin Hubble. Using his 100-inch diameter telescope at Mount Wilson California, Hubble identified, with the use of Cepheid variables (stars that pulsate on a regular basis, producing a stable period and amplitude of brightness) that a spiral nebula had structure and stars similar to but separate from the Milk Way. This confirmed the presence of another galaxy and those Cepheid variables became part of the galaxy known as Andromeda. Thanks to Hubble, it was determined that the Milky Way galaxy is not the Universe but one of other galaxies spread throughout the Cosmos. The Universe got a whole lot bigger thanks to Hubble.

hubble_300                                                                                            One of Edwin Hubble’s first photographs of the Andromeda Galaxy (also known as M31)

The Yaddithians are known to be able to have the ability to travel through the 28 known galaxies. Possibly by coincidence, in the Superman mythos it is also stated that there are 28 known galaxies. I was curious why this number of 28 keeps coming up when we now know there are literally billions of galaxies. I hypothesize that this number of 28 stems from the findings of Hubble. After his confirmation that other galaxies exist, Hubble went on to discover another couple dozen galaxies. Thus, while at this time I cannot find an actual document to confirm this, I hypothesize that in the mid-1920’s as Hubble’s findings were presented to the general public somewhere it may have stated that Hubble identified 28 galaxies, which is why this number has been used in a number of venues.

Andromeda_m31_bers_1824 A more recent photograph of the Andromeda Galaxy one of the “local 28” for Yaddithians

Relative to the Yaddithians, the 28 galaxies may represent a local “cluster” of galaxies, composed of a few large galaxies, such as the Milky Way and the Andromeda, and a series of satellite galaxies that surround the larger ones. From a practical standpoint, traveling throughout Space-Time for the Yaddithians may be limited to these 28. As we have suggested with the Great Race’s ability to travel through Space-Time, the Yaddithian may transmit their consciousnesses through the Universe on a laser beam, to be deposited into the mind of another sentient being. The wavelength of a laser beam is microscopic and you can compress vast amounts of information on its wave pattern; even more data can be transferred onto a beam of X-rays, which has a wavelength smaller than an individual atom (The Future of the Mind: The Scientific Quest to Understand, Enhance, and Empower the Mind by Michio Kaku, 2014).

55-24760-green_laser_teaser                          Humans can transfer 26 Terabits of information per second with the use of laser technology. Do the light-beam envelopes of the Yaddithians perform a similar function but on a larger scale? Transferring an entire consciousness through Space-Time on a laser?

The Yaddithians probably used their light-beam envelopes to transmit their minds, with the aid of laser beams or X-rays as carrier waves, through controlled wormholes that opened up hyperspace and “beam” their minds into other devices or the “receptive” organisms on other worlds or in other times. Again, similar technology is utilized by the Great Race; however, for them instead of using light-beam envelopes, they used strange mechanical devices in conjunction with some alien crystals. In each case the result is the same – downloading the consciousness of an individual into a device and then immediately transferring it through Space-Time (most likely through a worm hole) into a new receptacle, which may be another organism or some type of artificial or cybernetic device.

lovecraft___snouted_yaddithian_by_kingovrats-d68pvtf                    Illustration of a Yaddithian by King Ov Rats. (www.deviantart.com)

In conclusion, it appears that both the Great Race of Yith and the Yaddithians had the ability to consciously travel through Space-Time. However, in order to get back to Earth Randolph Carter, trapped in the body of the Yaddithian wizard Zkauba, had to modify a light-beam envelope so that it could transport both the body as well as the mind of the individual. This topic, as well as the resulting cost this had on Yaddith, will be discussed next time. Thank you – Fred.

Through the Gates of the Silver Key: Chapter III, Umr at-Tawil and the Application of String Theory

lovecraft___yog_sothoth____umr_at_tawil_by_kingovrats-d66alsr Umr at-Tawil by Kingovrats (www.deivantart.com)

In “Through the Gates of the Silver Key,” written by H.P. Lovecraft and E. Hoffmann Price, Randolph Carter used the Silver Key to unlock the “First Gate” and subsequently traveled through our linear time and adjacent Universes. However, in the latter half of Chapter III, Carter meets a heavily cloaked humanoid entity. Carter states, “…it seemed to belong to an order of being far outside the merely physical in organization and faculties.” This being was the “frightful Guide and Guardian of the Gate,” known as the Ancient One, Umr at-Tawil or the Prolonged of Life.

Very little is known about Umr at-Tawil but its title as Ancient One and the Prolonged of Life indicates that it has existed for a very long time, perhaps since the creation of our Universe. The being appears to be the way or guide to the Ultimate Gate, which based on the tale so far must be “outside” or beyond the known Universes bound in Space-Time. Additionally, Umr at-Tawil was one of a number of such gatekeepers, which appeared to Carter as seated on a series of vaguely hexagonal pillars.

the_silver_key_by_claudio_bergamin-dev The Silver Key by Claudio Bergamin (www.deviantart.com)

Umr at-Tawil possess a large sphere composed of iridescent metal that generated “…a low, pervasive half-impression of sound…” and “…began to rise and fall in intervals which seemed to be rhythmic even though they followed no rhythm of earth.” Carter also described these as rhythmic chants or pulsating light.

Passing through the First Gate and now the upcoming Ultimate Gate may require higher dimensional hyperspace travel, similar to magic used by Keziah Mason and the mathematics used by Walter Gilman in Lovecraft’s “The Dreams in the Witch-House.” However, in this instance, the opening of the Ultimate Gate by Umr at-Tawil on behalf of Randolph Carter had more of a metaphysical feeling; not the magic of the witch or the science of the student. Of course, what we don’t understand we call magic, what we philosophize about we call metaphysics and what we hypothesize about we call science. These are merely different points of view of reality, based on the amount of information and experience we have in hand. Thus, as mentioned in the previous article, the metaphysics of higher dimensions and the multiverse have moved into the realm of science (more specifically theoretical physics) and what has aided this transformation has been the attempts of unifying Einstein’s relativity with quantum mechanics.

hidden-variables-ankitsahay-696x392 Hidden Variables (www.ankitsahay.com)

Einstein’s General Relativity states that the generation of gravitational fields are the inherent result of the curvature of Space-Time, while quantum field theory can be used to mathematically explain the other three, non-gravitational forces of nature – electromagnetic, strong nuclear force and weak nuclear force (The Hidden Reality: Parallel Universe and the Deep Laws of the Cosmos by Brian Greene; 2011). The unification of all four forces into a single mathematical equation to date has not been possible. However, String Theory has been a serious attempt at unifying these basic forces of nature in our Universe.

In String Theory, reality is composed of vibrating strings, which are about 100 billion billion times smaller than a proton (Hyperspace: A Scientific Odyssey Through Parallel Universe, Time Warps and the 10th Dimension by Michio Kaku, 1994). To put this into context, the differences in size between a string and proton are similar to comparing the nucleus of an atom to Earth (Why String Theory? By Joseph Conlon; 2016). At such extremely small distances, called Planck length, the effects of gravity can no longer be ignored as is the case in particle physics. In turn, the quantum impacts of the electromagnetic and the strong / weak nuclear forces can be merged with a quantum theory of gravity (Conlon, 2016).

planck_scale

A demonstration of the scale of size of the Planck Length

In addition to merging the natural forces, as such small scales the specific vibration of a string or a particle are indistinguishable from each other. A specific string can vibrate, generating specific resonances, at an infinite number of difference frequencies (Kaku, 1994). Change the frequency and you change the string; change the string and you can modify the specific force or matter. Thus, by changing the frequency of a string you may convert an electron into a neutrino.

In addition, for String Theory to work out mathematically, additional dimensions, beyond the three spatial and one time that we are familiar with, are necessary. In this case, these extra dimensions may be folded up into Planck length scales. Thus, if we had the ability to directly modify / control the frequencies of the strings, we may be able to generate enough energy to actually have access to these higher dimensions and travel through hyperspace to various locations throughout our Universe or even to other Universes. Is a similar mechanism or process used by Randolph Carter in “Through the Gates of the Silver Key” to travel within and out of our Space-Time?

tawil_at_u_mr_by_noldofinve-d6s1mbn  Umr at-Tawil by Noldofinve

As previous mentioned, Umr at-Tawil uses some type of sphere to generate an alien rhythmic sound or light.  Carter has a hard time describing it as a sound or light but either way, it’s based on the generation of wavelengths at specific frequencies through a medium. Was Umr at-Tawil using alien, unknown knowledge on String Theory to harness the natural forces of reality? Is this how Carter could travel outside of Space-Time?

At the conclusion of Chapter III, Umr at-Tawil asks Carter if he wants to continue, to go beyond the Ultimate Gate. Carter says yes and the Ancient One opens the Gate for him to enter. As Umr at-Tawil does this he states, “The man of Truth had ridden to All-Is-One. The man of Truth has learnt that Illusion is the only reality, and that substance is an impostor.” This may be an alien interpretation of String Theory. With his Silver Key in hand, Carter leaves the three-dimensional reality and flows through the Ultimate Gate.

Next time we will discuss some of the experiences Carter has beyond the Ultimate Gate in Chapter IV. Thank you – Fred.

Through the Gates of the Silver Key: Chapter III, from Metaphysics to the Multiverse

Once Randolph Carter used the silver key to go back in time he disappeared from our Space-Time. In previous articles, I hypothesized what happened to him as his disappearance was documented in H.P. Lovecraft’s tale “The Silver Key.” While the Carter we know looped back in time to once again be the young boy, the “other” Carter that would have continued in our Space-Time may have “fractured” into another universe. However, in the subsequent tale, “Through the Gates of the Silver Key,” written by Lovecraft and E. Hoffmann Price we get an unprecedented view of his experiences after he used the silver key.

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Chapter III continues the tale with the mysterious individual Swami Chandraputra explaining to the others what happened to Randolph Carter. Once he used the silver key, Carter lost all sense of motion and time – “Imperceptibly, such things as age and location ceased to have any significance whatever.” Additionally, “Now there was no distinction between boy and man.” Based on these statements, Carter was in a realm where linear time did not exist – he felt as if he was an extension of consciousness tunneling through time and not just experiencing time from one moment to the next. One top of that he had no spatial reference, having “…only a flux of impressions not so much visual as cerebral amidst which the entity that was Randolph Carter experienced perceptions or registrations of all that his mind revolved on, yet without any clean consciousness of the way in which he received them.”

Later Swami Chandraputra states that Carter unlocked the gate “…one leading from earth and time to that extension of earth which is outside of time, and form which in turn, the Ultimate Gate lead fearsomely and perilously to the Last Void which is outside all earths, all universes, and all matter.” The last, bold part of this statement may provide evidence for Lovecraft predicting the theory of the multiverse. Essentially, the multiverse theory is the idea that there is a set of infinite or finite universes that make up the entirety of space, time, matter and energy.

multiverse-1-1024x1004 The concept of the multiverse as conceived by physicists.

The term “multiverse” was first coined in 1895 by American philosopher and psychologist William James. In his essay “Is Life Worth Living?” James wrote “Truly, all we know of good and duty proceeds from nature…[which] is all plasticity and indifference – a moral multiverse, as one might call it.” – from www.philosophynow.org/issue/89/The_Multiverse_Conundrum. While there is no reference to William James in any of Lovecraft’s stories, he makes a passing reference to this philosopher in a discussion of philosophy in the United States in Collected Essays, Volume 2: Literary Criticism, H.P. Lovecraft – edited by S.T. Joshi (2004).

james                                                                                                                              William James, the person who coined the term “multiverse.”

While Lovecraft never used the term multiverse, he has used the word “universes” throughout many of this stories including “Through the Gates of the Silver Key” (see above). Thus, while Lovecraft may not have been familiar with William James word multiverse, he used the term “universes” in the following tales:

The Transition of Juan Romero

The Call of Cthulhu

The Dream Quest of Unknown Kadath

The Colour Out of Space

The Whisperer in Darkness

At the Mountains of Madness

The Shadow Out of Time

The Challenge from Beyond (a round-robin tale)

And his poem “The Poe-et’s Nightmare”

While in Lovecraft’s time the word multiverse was coined by James and used in a more philosophic or moral context, physicists have used to term in their scientific studies of cosmological forces, quantum mechanics and the Big Bang. Thus, the term multiverse is one that originally had a more metaphysical meaning until the latter half of the 20th century when theoretical mathematics, particle physics and deep-space astronomical observations merged in the subsequent development of hypotheses that included the concept of more than one universe. Thus, by pushing the boundaries of known science Lovecraft may have had a small part in moving the idea of the multiverse from metaphysics into the realm of science.

multiverse-1-100335844-orig                                Multiverse

Randolph Carter states that humanity would have a difficult time understanding the true nature of reality but he had a Guide to help him.  This Guide was an entity on Earth millions of years ago “…when man was undreamed of, and when forgotten shapes moved on a streaming planet building strange cities among whose last, crumbling ruins the earliest mammals were to play.” While this may have been a reference to the Serpent Men of Valusia, more than likely this was a reference to the Elder Thing cities built by the shoggoths. Later, Carter observed earth’s ancient past where “There were cities under the sea, and denizens thereof; and towers in deserts where globes and cylinders and nameless winged entities shot off into space or hurtled down out of space.” Again, this passage appears to be referencing the Elder Things and their cities under the sea as well as their travels to space.

05-elder_thing                                                                                               Elder Thing by Michael Bukowski (www.yog-blogsoth.blogspot.com)

Beyond the history of Earth, Carter makes a few references to the Dreamlands, which he visited as a boy in dreams. Some of these references include galleys sailing up the river Oukranos, the gilded spires of Thran and the jungles of Kled. Thus, at this point Carter’s consciousness was moving from the history of Earth to another universe – the Dreamlands. However, beyond linear time and this adjacent universe, Carter’s “Guide” was about to open another door beyond these realities. Next time we will discuss Carter’s “Guide,” the Ancient One named Umr At-Tawil. Thank you – Fred.