Tag Archives: antimatter

The Dimensionality of Cthulhu

Cthulhu black_white

Cthulhu at R’lyeh by Steve Maschuck

H.P. Lovecraft has cited a number of times that Cthulhu and its associated spawn are not residents of our space-time as are Elder Ones, shoggoths, the Great Race and humans.  For example, in “The Call of Cthulhu” one of the captured cultists states that the Great Old Ones [referring to Cthulhu and its spawn] are not flesh and blood and that while they have shape, there were not made of matter.

In “At the Mountains of Madness” it is stated that , “…both the Cthulhu spawn and the Mi-Go seem to have been composed of matter more widely different from that which we know than was the substance of the Old Ones [here the term Old Ones is being used to refer to the Elder Things or Elder Ones].  They were able to undergo transformations and reintegrations impossible for their adversaries, and seem therefore to have originally come from even remoter gulfs of the cosmic space.”


R’lyeh by Jonny Hex (www.deviantart.org)

Based on these citations as well as other references made by HPL, Cthulhu and its spawn are not from our space-time continuum.  This explains how these entities can function beyond the confines of our physical laws, such as its fluid movement and apparent plasma-like structure.  Indeed, further study of Cthulhu and its spawn may provide the evidence needed to support the M-theory.

Based on M-theory, which is actually a network of theories, each component or individual theory describes certain physical phenomenon within a given range of scale.  When these scales overlap, different theories agree.  However, when the scales do not overlap, different theories describe certain phenomenon (e.g. Newtonian mechanics describing the influence of gravity on a planetary scale vs. quantum mechanics describing sub-atomic interactions).   Given this proposed network of theories, M-theory allows for the existence of different universes with different laws of nature (e.g. the charge of the electron, the actual strength of gravity ).  All of this is dependent on how internal space is actually shaped and curled (The Grand Design by Stephen Hawking and Leonard Mlodinow; 2010).  As shown below, and previously described in the earlier articles on “The Music of Eric Zann”, more than one universe is possible but the one we live in obviously has the highest probability of existing.

Demonstration of Hawking’s wave function of the Universe (from universe-review.ca)

However, M-theory describes a reality of vibrating strings, point particles, two-dimensional membranes, three-dimensional blobs and other multi-dimensional objects we can not perceive (Hawking and Mlodinow; 2010).  In fact, M-theory allows for many different internal spaces – as many as 10500 different universes, each one with their own particular set of laws of nature.  Is Cthulhu and its spawn from one of these universes?  Did this entity find a means of exuding itself into our universe, bringing with it R’yleh, with some of its native laws of nature seeping into our universe?  This would explain the disorientation and confusion when experiencing Cthulhu and R’lyeh.  If Cthulhu does originate from another universe the question then is how is this accomplished.

Cthulhu and its spawn more than likely do not originate from a higher dimension, but instead from another universe with laws of nature very different from our own.  However, it is possible that they have utilized these higher, yet folded or curled in, dimensions to get to our space-time.  To be able to travel through these higher dimensions to get to another universe would require extremely high amounts of energy.


Some Ancient Horror by Morriperkele (www.deivantart.org)

Conventional chemical explosives convert only one part out of a billion of matter into energy, in processes that involve the electrons in the outer reaches of atoms.  In contrast, nuclear reactions can release about 1% of the trapped energy from matter.  Antimatter reactions with matter would release a far greater amount of energy.  However, the problem for us is there is no stable amount of antimatter left in our universe.  This means we would need to make antiparticles as a source of antimatter, which is an extremely inefficient process (Antimatter by Frank Close, 2010).  While the utilization of antimatter as a source of energy is not feasible for us in our universe, it may be possible for entities from outside of our space-time continuum, particularly if they have the ability to travel from one universe to another through the higher, unseen dimensions.

In conclusion, the strange biology of Cthulhu may be the result of it being from another universe where the laws of nature are slightly different than ours.  However, the presence of these outside entities in our universe may be the result of their ability to harness and utilize antimatter from another universe as a source of power to create a path through the higher dimensions.  From a theoretical standpoint such inter-dimensional travel to other universes may be feasible but the limitation to this is the amount of energy needed to accomplish this.  While this is a huge obstacle to us, maybe Cthulhu and its spawn can harvest the energy from antimatter and travel to other universes – and one of those universes may be ours.  But such travel to other universes with different physical laws of nature may pose some limitations onto these inter-universal travelers.  It is these potential limitations on entities from outside of our space-time continuum we will be discussing in the next article.  Thank you – Fred.


Cthulhu Rising by Jason Juta (www.jasonjuta.com)

Erich Zann and the Thing Beyond the Threshold

The Music of Erich Zann by Cyril Van der Haegen (www.Tehegel.org)

We have been discussing how Erich Zann’s music may have prevented the annihilation of our universe.  While we will never know the true reason for Zann’s compulsion to play in front of the high window, for the explanation he documented on paper was blown away, it has been hypothesized that the high window at the Rue d’ Auseil was a threshold or gateway to another universe, possibly filled with antimatter.   This last article reviews and discusses the end of this tale within an emphasis on the “thing” or entity on the other side.

While Erich Zann is writing the explanation for playing his insane music at night, both he and the protagonist begin to hear “…not a horrible sound, but rather an exquisitely low and infinitely distant musical note, suggesting a player in one of the neighboring houses…”.  While the protagonist thought nothing of this, Zann has a look of terror on his face and immediately grabs his viol and begins to play his strange, wild music.


The Music of Erich Zann by Aric S. (deviantart.com)

Using music as a direct form of communication or converting it into another form of energy that can be understood is similar to the circumstances experienced in Steven Spielberg’s 1977 Movie Close Encounters of the Third Kind.  In that film humans and visitors from another world communicate directly through the tones and frequencies associated with music.  Was a similar mode of communication occurring in The Music of Erich Zann?  Possibly but given the frantic playing of Zann, I think there is some sort of translation going on, possible through a membrane; converting sound energy into another form of energy that can be directly perceived and understood on the other side, as opposed to direct communication with music.  I previously mentioned that the high window may possess an inter-dimensional membrane that converts the music into another form of energy that the “others” on the other side can understand.

Alien contact from Steven Spielberg’s Movie Close Encounters of the Third Kind (dvdbeaver.com)

As Zann continues to play, he begins to imagine (or hallucinate?) strange images such as shadowy satyrs and bacchanals dancing in clouds, smoke and lightning.  Was this the initiation of possible contact between two different universes?  The shutters and high window begin to rattle in a howling night wind, which seem to respond to Zann’s playing.  The shutters become unfastened and the glass is shattered.  A strange wind blows into the room capturing the Zann manuscript and throwing it out into the night.  Unfortunately the protagonist fails to save any of the papers before they are lost.

As Zann continue to play is frantic and insane music, the protagonist approaches the high window and expects to see city lights.  However, what he sees is “…the blackness of space illimitable; unimagined space alive with motion and music, and having no semblance of anything on earth.”  Was it possible that he was looking into another universe, possibly composed of antimatter?

As the protagonist staggers back, he feels some chilled “thing” brush against his body.  Was this “thing” from the other side?  If it was composed of antimatter, then probably not since it’s direct physical contact with the protagonist would have meant the annihilation of it and an equal amount of matter, which would have included the protagonist.


The Music of Erich Zann by Jeff Powers

The protagonist continues to stumble back and reaches Zann.  He tells Zann they must leave the building now and while Zann continues to play he feels cold to the touch.  The protagonist then notices that Zann is stiffened, not breathing and has glassy bulging eyes.  In spite of continuing to play, Zann appears to be dead.  The protagonist then flees and runs down the stairs; in spite of experiencing the severe night winds in Zann’s room, once out of the building the air was still, no clouds are in the sky and the moon is out.  The high winds in room but calm evening weather outside again supports the hypothesis that some inter-universal contact was occurring in Zann’s room.

Again, the exact reason for Zann’s playing to the gabled window may never be known since the explanation was blown into the inter-stellar  winds.  However, the chilled thing grazing against the protagonist, followed by the corpse-like appearance of Zann and then eventually the complete erasure of the Rue d’ Auseil from our space-time, indicates that Zann may have either made contact with the other universe or some type of replacement between Zann and the other was occurring.  Additionally, an “antimatter Erich Zann” may have been trying to communicate with the “matter Erich Zann” and something went wrong.  An alternative hypothesis is the antimatter Zann was trying to somehow switch bodies with the matter Zann in a non-corporal capacity.  Such a transfer would be extremely difficult to accomplish and the direct contact of only a few atoms of matter with that of animatter, may have been enough to result in an intense reaction.

The contact between the matter and antimatter would explain why the Rue d’ Auseil is not longer present in out space-time.  Additionally, the membrane between the two dimensions may also explain why both universes were not annihilated by having antimatter spill into our reality.  The fact that the protagonist is the only one who remembers the Rue d’ Auseil indicates that he was within the field generated during the contact but his matter did not have physical contact with antimatter.

To conclude, it appears that Erich Zann may have prevented the complete annihilation of our universe by sacrificing himself to prevent more antimatter from entering through the threshold and the chilled thing may actually have been Zann moving his consciousness through the threshold.  So the answer to the question – what was the “thing” beyond the threshold – may be Erich Zann himself.

Next time we will talk about HPL’s thoughts and uses of evolution in his stories.  Thank you – Fred.


H.P. Lovecraft’s The Music of Erich Zann by Chad O’Dell Roberts





The Music of Erich Zann – Attempting to prevent the annilation of the universe

The Rue d’ Auseil in The Music of Erich Zann (by Johnny Craig)

Before we delve into how Erich Zann was keeping those unknown forces under control with his music, I wanted to talk a little more about what these forces may represent.

Unfortunately, we may never know why Erich Zann felt compelled to play his viol in front of the high gable window.  Although he documented his reason in writing, these papers were blown into the interstellar winds.  However, based on a critical piece of information we can develop potential hypotheses for consideration.  Specifically, the fact that the protagonist in the story “cannot find the house, the street, or even the locality” he occupied for months as a university graduate student of metaphysics is extremely telling.  While the protagonist himself does note that his physical and mental health was substantially affected by the incident with Erich Zann at the residence on the street known as the Rue d’ Auseil, the fact that he can not find the building he previously lived in is perplexing and peculiar.

Previously we presented Stephen Hawking’s Wave Function of the Universe concept, which looks at the birth of the Universe from a quantum perspective.  In this idea there are an infinite number of all possible universes but we happen to live in the universe that had the highest probability of being stable to support life.

Demonstration of Hawking’s wave function of the Universe (from universe-review.ca)

While all of this is highly speculative, scientists say that sometime in the future we may have both the knowledge and technology necessary to test hypotheses that could provide evidence for parallel universes.  However, one idea that I have seen physicists such as Michio Kaku and Frank Close mention in discussions of parallel universes is that our universe is the only one that developed to allow life to emerge and evolve.  Well, how to they know this?  If we don’t have the technology yet to test / confirm the existence of parallel universes, how do we know if these other universe harbor life?  In addition, this life could be so radically different from us that we may not even recognize it as life.

Getting back to The Music of Erich Zann, the forces or entities that Zann held back with his music may have been some form of extra-universal life, trying to filter into our universe.  Even more concerning than a parallel universe, could this intruding force or entity be made of antimatter?  Was Zann trying to avoid the annihilation of the cosmos by preventing antimatter from spilling into our universe?

Based on current scientific thought, before the Big Bang matter and antimatter co-existed, would quickly come into contact with each other and be annihilated, resulting in a burst of energy in the form of gamma radiation (Antimatter by Frank Close, published in 2010).  If there were equal amounts of matter and antimatter when the Big Bang occurred, everything would have been annihilated – our universe would have blipped out of existence before it was even born some 14 billion years ago.  Since this did not happen after the subsequent cooling of the universe after the Big Bang, there must have been slightly more matter than antimatter.  Many particle physicists today are trying to figure out why this is the case.


When an electron (matter) and a positron (antimatter) make contact they immediately annihilate each other in a burst of intense gamma radiation (upper portion of figure – http://www.astronomy.com)

We know that matter is all around us.  In fact, with a few minor expectations (such as gamma rays coming from the center of the Milky Way or intense solar flares) existing evidence indicates that practically everything within several hundred million light years of us is made of matter (Close, 2010).  However, the Earth is a rare and unquie place relative to the rest of the universe.  For example, hydrogen is a rare element on Earth but is the most abundant element in the universe.  In contrast, the heavier elements, which are quite abundant on Earth are very rare in the universe.  Could antimatter be the same?  Could there be a distant corner of our universe where antimatter actually exists?  This is highly unlikely, since unless it was contained in some very specific manner, it would make physical contact with matter and result is its annilation.  However, antimatter does exist (although very fleetingly) and it may be possible that a parellel universe is made of antimatter – an antimatter universe.

This is where Erich Zann’s music comes into play.  We know he was trying to prevent something from entering our universe through the high gable window by playing his strange music.  Was this “something” a force or entity composed of antimatter?  Zann is described as being a small, lean, bent person, having a satyr-like face and nearly bald head – was he suffering from radiation poisoning?  Maybe Zann and his music was a barrier for antimatter and maybe his efforts were successful but at the cost of his own life.

Erich Zann – preventing the annihilation of the universe (from hplfilmfestival.com)

The antimatter “thing” may have briefly entered our universe through the gable window and Zann used his own “matter” and music to annihilate it.  The result may have been a quantum fluctuation, which produced an adjustment to our universe.  This adjustment essentially removed the house, the street, the locality and Erich Zann from our reality.  If the protagonist remained in the room with Zann he to would have been annihilated.  Although he ran out of the room, he was still fairly close to the gable window when the annihilation occurred and thus was within the quantum field; the outcome of this is he still remembers the Rue d’ Auseil.  Thus, the protagonist is the only person who knows that Erich Zann prevented the annihilation of our universe.

Next time we will discuss how Zann’s music may have functioned in preventing antimatter from spilling into our universe.  Thank you – Fred

The Music of Erich Zann (by Angela Demure)

The Shadow Out of Time – Part 4, Additional Notes on the Flying Polyps

Since placing the last article up on the Flying Polyps, I have had more time to think about these strange beings.  In addition, I have received a number of excellent comments on them.  Thus, this article provides some additional notes on this mysterious species.

Flying Polyp by Michael Bukowski (yog-blogsoth.blogspot.com)

As I previously mentioned, the Flying Polyps appear to be “partially” composed of the matter in our Universe.  Thus, they are not composed entirely of the same matter as humans, Elder Things, Shoggoths, Deep Ones or the Great Race.  In contrast, the Flying Polyps are not completely composed of matter from outside of our Universe like the Mi-Go or spawn of Cthulhu.  The Flying Polyps are, as I previously mentioned, “in-between” Universes; partially made of our matter and partially made of “other” matter.  Thus, in a way they are more of an enigma than something utterly alien from the outside such as the Mi-Go.

As previously mentioned, the senses of the Flying Polyps can penetrate all kinds of materials in our Universe but their bodies can only pass through certain materials.  In addition, they would frequently fly and could make whistling noises.  In contrast, there was some sort of limiting connection between them and the Earth.  In spite of frequently living and moving in the air, when on the ground the Polyps made large footprints that were composed of five circular toe marks.  In addition, the Polyps could only be imprisoned deep in the Earth.

Flying Polyp by Tryryche

While the Flying Polyps were originally predators of the Cone-Shaped Beings (CSBs), once the Yithians occupied their bodies and became the Great Race, the tables were quickly turned.  The Great Race produced technology that allowed them to subdue the Flying Polyps.  Specifically, the Great Race weapons of electrical energy would wholly destroy the Flying Polyps.  This high level of susceptibility and complete annihilation of the Polyp body due to electrical energy may provide some clues as to the make-up of their matter.

In humans and most Terran life a strong discharge of electrical energy, currents greater than 1 amp, results in permanent damage through burns and cellular damage.  Additionally, even lower currents, between 70 and 70 mA, can cause death but by triggering a fibrillation in the heart.  While such electrocution will cause death they do not “annihilate” the body as it does for the Flying Polyps.

In particle physics, the term annihilation is used to describe the result of when a subatomic particle meets or collides with its respective antiparticle.  When the particle (matter) and antiparticle (antimatter) meet, they mutually annihilate these other, typically in a flash of radiation such as a photon of light (Particle Physics:  A Very Short Introduction; Frank Close; 2004).  Given how the body of the Flying Polyp is completely destroyed and annihilated when hit with electric energy, is it possible that they are composed of an unusual semi-stable arrangement of matter and antimatter?

 Flying Polyp (by Infernalengines)

Living cells continue to live and reproduce by taking in energy, which in turn keeps cellular activities going so the cell constituents do not breakdown and decompose. A similar arrangement may be in existing for the Flying Polyps but instead of obtaining energy from a biochemical perspective, it may be from a subatomic perspective. Is it possible that Flying Polyps are a conscious or sentient form of electromagnetic fields and forces that utilize matter / antimatter repulsion to generate the energy they need to keep their quasi-cellular activities going? Maybe they extract antimatter from where they originate and need to feed on organic life, such as the CSBs, to provide “matter” fuel. In turn, this allows them to keep the matter / antimatter mix equal and thus exist. If this is the case, then the electrical discharge weapons of the Great Race may abruptly disrupt this balance between matter and antimatter, resulting in the observed annihilation of the Flying Polyps.

Yithian Hero (by Cryptdidical; Spore)

Obviously the experiments required to test such a hypothesis could be highly dangerous. However, placing a Flying Polyps into the Hadron Collider and bombarding them with various subatomic particles and anti-particles may be a relative “safe” means of testing this hypothesis. The real trick would be to get a Flying Polyp into the Collider.

In the next article the discussion will be how the Yithian move their consciousness through space and time.  Thank you – Fred.