Category Archives: The Haunter of the Dark

H.P. Lovecraft and Atlantis, Part 1

In our examination of H.P. Lovecraft’s “The Temple,” a few references were made of Atlantis.  That is, Karl Heinrich, Graf von Altberg-Ehrenstein was convinced that the temple he discovered in his watery tomb at the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean was the mysterious land of Atlantis. While references to Atlantis are peppered throughout Lovecraft’s tales, he certainly did not believe that the legend of Atlantis, a continent that sank into the Atlantic Ocean sometime around 9,000 B.C., was based on fact.

Atlantis_Paul_Alexander An interpretation of Atlantis by Paul Alexander

According to S. T. Joshi, Lovecraft thought of Atlantis simply as a myth and if there were any remains of a sunken continent it would most likely be somewhere in the Pacific Ocean (The Thing on the Doorstep and Other Weird Stories, 2001). Lovecraft also hypothesized that the idea of a continent to the west of Europe, whether sunken or still existing, may have been a reference to the Americas (Selected Letters V. (1934-1937) H.P. Lovecraft, edited by August Derleth and James Turner, 1976). In fact, this passage from a letter to Frederic Jay Pabody, dated 19 June 1936, summarizes Lovecraft’s views on Atlantis:

“Thus I feel sure that the Platonic Atlantis is a sheer myth (based on America perhaps) – unless, as recent scholars have suggested, it is a case of confused identify…with some region in North Africa…”

While Plato is frequently associated with the creation of the legend of Atlantic, he actually reported hearing about it from his uncle Critias, who was a Greek politician with a very questionable reputation. Critias heard it from his grandfather, who heard it from another politician who, in turn, heard about it from some unknown Egyptian priest (https://omni.media/atlantis-theories). Is it possible that this unknown Egyptian priest was a disciple or direct ancestor of none other than the Pharaoh Nephren-Ka? In Lovecraft’s “The Haunter of the Dark,” it is mentioned that the Shining Trapezohedron sunk with Atlantis, only later to be found by a Minoan fisherman in his nets. Thus, the legend of Atlantis is a very old one.

the_scroll_of_the_black_pharaoh_by_jasonmckittrick-d4utqd7 Scroll of the Black Black Pharaoh by Jason McKittrick

As previously mentioned, the first time Lovecraft mentions Atlantis is in his short story “The Temple.” In that tale, he references Ignatius Donnelly’s account of Atlantis (Atlantis: The Antediluvian World, 1882) as well as W. Scott-Elliot’s Atlantis and the Lost Lemuria (1925). Donnelly’s book claimed that Plato’s account of Atlantis was based on fact and that all of ancient civilization (at least those known to us) originate from the people of Atlantis. In Donnelly’s account, many of the world’s religions and mythology are based on Atlantis and the people of Atlantis were the first to use iron, before the island continent sunk into the ocean.

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In W. Scott-Elliot’s book, Atlantis and the Lost Lemuria, he expanded on the theosophical writings of Helena Blavatsky’s regarding the history of man and others on Earth. Theosophy is the study of mystical and occult philosophies, regarding the mysteries of life and the cosmos. As has been frequently cited a number of times, while Lovecraft found these writing amusing, even inspirational for some of his tales of ancient civilizations unknown to modern humans, he did not believe in any of the claims made by these authors. To Lovecraft Atlantis and other mysterious continents such as Lemuria and Mu were mere myth.

Artist-representation-Atlantis

Next time we will identify and discuss more references of Atlantis in the tales of H.P. Lovecraft. Thank you – Fred.

The Shadow from the Steeple is Released

the_haunter_of_the_dark_by_gianmac The Haunter of the Dark by Gianmac (www.deivantart.com)

Toward the end of H.P. Lovecraft’s “The Haunter of the Dark,” it is casually mentioned that a Doctor Dexter threw the strange box and Shining Trapezohedron into the deepest channel of Narragansett Bay. Based on information provided by the University of Rhode Island and US EPA, the mean depth of the Bay is 26 feet, while the deepest part of it is in the East Passage where it is 184 feet. One might wonder why the Doctor threw the box and stone into the deepest part of Narragansett Bay if darkness summons the Haunter.  However, there are two things to keep in mind. First, as we discussed in previous articles, the Shining Trapezohedron appears to remain “dormant,” even in complete darkness, unless first observed by a sentient entity. This two-step progress involves someone looking into the Trapezohedron and then placing it in complete darkness, as Robert Blake did in the Haunter the Dark. Remember when Blake first discovered the Trapezohedron in the Church steeple it was in complete darkness and it was not until he looked into the stone and then closed the box that the Haunter was summoned.

Second, while the deepest part of Narragansett Bay is 184 feet, it is possible that enough photons of light could still reach the Shining Trapezohedron to prevent the Haunter from entering our Space-Time.  Light can actually be detected in the ocean as far down as 1,000 meters (3,300 feet), although significant amounts of light are only detected at depths of 200 meters (660 feet) or less (www.noaa.gov). In the case of the Bay, particularly in the early 20th century, water clarity was probably considerably less than the open ocean. Estuary ecosystems tend to be far more productive than the open ocean, meaning there is more phytoplankton in the water reducing water clarity.  Additionally, in the early 20th century there was minimal treatment of point or non-point source pollution, which also increased the amount of turbidity in the waters of the Bay. For the sake of this discussion, if we assume that due to natural turbidity and pollution, the water clarity of Narragansett Bay was only 10% of the open ocean, then significant amounts of light could only be detected down to a depth of about 20 meters (66 feet).  Thus, the Shining Trapezohedron may indeed have been in complete darkness at the bottom of the Bay.

bay-map-small                                                                                                                Narragansett Bay – not the East Passage is just south of Prudence Island (www.nbnerr.org)

Based on the end of “The Haunter of the Dark” it was assumed that the doctor did not stare into the Shining Trapezohedron before he threw the thing into the Bay. However, according to Robert Bloch’s “The Shadow from the Steeple,” which is the third in the “Haunter Trilogy,” this was not the case. According to that tale Doctor Ambrose Dexter did stare into the Shining Trapezohedron before depositing it into the depths of the Narragansett. More than likely once the stone was in complete darkness the Haunter once again had access to our Space-Time. In “The Haunter of the Dark” the creature attempted to somehow merge with Robert Blake and failed, possibly due to the light associated with a flash of lightning banishing it back to its own reality before it could complete this task. However, unfortunately the stress of actually seeing the Haunter coming after him was too much for Blake and he died or heart failure or some other associated cause. In the case of Dr. Dexter, it appears the transfer was successful.

Based on the investigations of Edmund Fiske, the protagonist of “The Shadow from the Steeple,” Dr. Dexter was a true avatar to Nyarlathotep. Comparing Dexter to the other documented instances or encounters with the Haunter, Robert Blake appeared to be a failed attempt to become an avatar. In this case the flash of lightning probably neutralized the Haunter before the “merging” could be completed. The case of Nephren-Ka is a little more complex.

In the case of the Black Pharaoh there appeared to be an exchange of some sort between Nephren-Ka and the Haunter but not a merging. Nephren-Ka would gain the power to foresee the future for the 100+ people sacrificed to the Haunter and Nyarlathotep. There is no evidence that Nephren-Ka became an avatar since he was trapped in his tomb, doomed to record the future history of humanity on the crypt walls. Maybe this was a failed experiment on Nyarlathotep’s part to become stable enough to exist in our Space-Time on a more permanent basis and the “discarded by-product” of this failed experiment was the half-crazed Nephren-Ka trapped in his own tomb documenting Earth’s future history.

cover-nile01 Nile – Amongst the Catacombs of Nephren-Ka (www.leastworstoption.com) 

In any event, in these last two cases the Haunter appears to be a “carrier” for Nyarlathotep, the way a mosquito is for a parasite such as the parasitic protist Plasmodium that is the cause of Malaria or the virus from the family Flaviviridae that is the cause of West Nile Disease. Thus, the Haunter is essentially the mosquito, while Nyarlathotep is the parasite that secures itself in its host. This may be an effective means of overcoming the problem of existing in our Space-Time. Indeed, in the “The Shadow from the Steeple” after years of investigation and finally confronting Dr. Dexter Fiske states that:

“There is no Dr. Dexter. There hasn’t been any such person for many years now. There only the outer shell, possessed by an entity older than the world…” and

“The Trapezohedron was thrown into the Bay, and soon from the sea came this noxious birth – your birth, or incarnation in the body of Dr. Dexter.”

Apparently, existing as some sort of inter-dimensional parasite was fairly successful for Nyarlathotep. Based on Fiske’s documentation, once Nyarlathotep occupied Dr. Dexter’s body his interests turned from medicine to high energy particle physics. Within a short amount of time the Dr. Dexter became a known expert in nuclear physics and directly involved in working with the team of scientists developing the H-bomb. The H-bomb or hydrogen bomb is a thermonuclear weapon that uses energy from a nuclear fission reaction (atoms are split into small parts, releasing high energy neutrons and gamma photos) to trigger nuclear fusion (two or more atomic nuclei come close enough to form different atomic nuclei and subatomic particles) reaction. Such two-stage nuclear weapons generate substantially larger amounts of explosive power.  Typically, isotopes of hydrogen are what is being fused, thus the name hydrogen bomb or H-bomb.

hbomb The hydrogen bomb that exploded as part of a test codenamed “Castle Bravo,” above, was the largest nuclear device ever detonated by the United States. Photograph courtesy U.S. Department of Energy. (wwwnatgeo.com).

It should be noted that nuclear fusion generates substantially larger amounts of energy relative to nuclear fission. In fact, nuclear fusion is the power the generates the energy, power and light in most stars. Thus, while man may have created atomic weapons, based on Fiske’s account, Nyarlathotep may have had a hand in guiding humanity toward the utilization of the power of the Cosmos – essentially the engine of the stars – in the creation of weapons of mass destruction.nucelar                                                                Difference between nuclear fusion and fission; note fusion generates more energy than fission (www.butane.chem.uiuc.edu).

Unfortunately, there is no account of Dr. Dexter since Fiske’s documentation, as recorded by Robert Bloch in “The Shadow from the Steeple.” Maybe the parasitic mode of life for Nyarlathotep was limited to a period of years and it eventually left the host. Or, maybe once the knowledge of the H-bomb was given to humanity, Nyarlathotep recognized its task was complete. However, why give such knowledge to humanity? Is it to “clear the Earth” as Wilbur Whateley once stated in “The Dunwich Horror?” Or is it to generate enough energy to open a stable door or “wormhole” to either allow the Earth to enter the Space-Time of the Old Ones or allow them to come to ours? Until any additional information is found on Dr. Dexter we may never know. Hopefully we as a species will not help Nyarlathotep accomplish his task whatever it is.

nyarlathotep1                                                      Marvel comics interpretation of Edmund Fiske confronting Dr. Dexter, avatar to Nyarlathotep (marvunapp.com)

For the next few weeks I will be posting smaller articles on-line so Steve and I can focus on and wrap up the Journal of Lovecraftian Science, Volume 2. For 2017 we will be discussing other Lovecraftian subjects with an emphasis on The Dreamlands. Thank you – Fred.

The Haunter’s Three-Lobed Eye

While we are moving onto Robert Bloch’s “The Shadow in the Steeple” to conclude the Haunter Trilogy, I did want to spend a little time discussing the Haunter’s three-lobed eye. Just before Blake’s encounter with the Haunter at the end of H.P. Lovecraft’s “The Haunter of the Dark,” he was furiously writing notes in his journal, which would end up being his last recorded entries. The very last statement in Blake’s journal was:

“I see it – coming here – hell-wind – titan blur – black wing – Yog Sothoth save me – the three-lobed burning eye…”

the_haunter_of_the_dark_by_marcsimonetti The Haunter of the Dark by Marc Simonetti

We know that the visible portion of the electromagnetic spectrum (EM-spectrum) weakens or neutralizes the Haunter but does not necessarily destroy it. Yet Blake specifically mentions it’s three-lobed burning eye. Assuming this “eye” is used as some sort of organ for perception, it more than likely does not see it the visible portion of the EM-spectrum as we do.

Electromagnetic waves are produced by a vibrating electric charge and so consist of both an electric and a magnetic component. Electromagnetic waves exist with an enormous range of frequencies. This continuous range of frequencies is known as the EM-spectrum. The entire range of the spectrum is often broken into specific regions. The subdividing of the entire spectrum into smaller spectra is done mostly on the basis of how each region of electromagnetic waves interacts with matter. The diagram below depicts the electromagnetic spectrum and its various regions. The longer wavelength, lower frequency regions are located on the far left of the spectrum and the shorter wavelength, higher frequency regions are on the far right (www.physicsclassroom.com).

wavelength_figure_www-science-edu-larc-nasa-gov                                                              The EM-spectrum (www.science-edu.larc.nasa.gov)

As mentioned in the past article, the EM spectrum can be divided into non-ionizing and ionizing radiation, where non-ionizing radiation does not have enough energy to ionize (remove an electron) atoms or molecules. This type of radiation is only strong enough to excite the election to a higher state and not remove it. From higher to lower frequencies, non-ionizing radiation includes light, infrared, microwaves, radio wave and extremely low frequency waves.

The portion of the EM-spectrum that is visible to us, known as light, consists of a spectrum of wavelengths that range from approximately 700 nanometers (abbreviated nm) to approximately 400 nm. Wavelengths larger than 700 nm move into infrared radiation (IR), while wavelength shorter than 400 nm move into ultraviolet radiation (UV).

the_haunter_of_the_dark___nyarlathotep_by_herrtevik-d6wgtjw The Haunter of the Dark, Nyarlathotep by Herrtevik (S. Tent) (www.deivantart.com)

Any star, including our sun, is essentially a gigantic sphere of gas, or better defined as plasma (a gas but with an electrical charged – an ionized gas).  Our sun generates energy in its core via a type of nuclear reaction known as nuclear fusion. Basically, the tremendous heat and pressure at the heart of the Sun causes the nuclei of several hydrogen atoms to fuse together to form helium atoms. When this happens, a relatively small portion (less than 1%) of the mass of the atoms is converted into energy.  The nuclear actions within the sun generate EM-radiation across most of the EM-spectrum, generating high energy photons (packets of light or EM-radiation called photons). By the time these photons reach the surface of the sun and travel into space they become lower in energy so the Sun does not produce and eminent the highest energy EM-radiation like gamma rays. However, the Sun does produce X-rays, UV, light, IR and radio waves.

emfromsun Relative amounts of EM radiation from our Sun (www.windows2universe.org)

Since the peak of our Sun’s energy output is in the portion of visible light within the EM-spectrum (www.windows2universe.org), the largest amount of EM-radiation that reaches the Earth is visible light. Thus, it is not surprising that life on Earth evolved to “see” light waves. However, not all life on Earth can see the same portion of the EM-spectrum. For example, bees can’t see red wavelengths but can “see” UV light, which is another form of EM-wavelengths that the Sun generates in fairly high levels of irradiance.

4eyes-1050x478

The “hotter” a star is, the more bluish-white it be while the “cooler” a star is, the more it will appear red. For example, something like a brown dwarf, which is a dim, cool object too massive to be a planet but not massive enough to be a star, emits more IR than visible light. In contrast, a white dwarf is a hot, dying star that has burned up all of the hydrogen in its core and emits mostly UV-radiation.  Thus, a more exotic or “alien” star, or possibly a star in another Universe where the Universal Laws and slightly different, may generate varying portions of EM-radiation relative to our Sun. Another example are pulsars, which are a type of neutron star – a star near the end of its life, which generate large amounts of gamma radiation.

Thus, getting back to the Haunter and its three-lobed eye, this organ may be adapted to “see” other portions of the EM-spectrum. One hypothesis is that if visible light functions as ionizing radiation to the Haunter then maybe it can “see” IR or even radio waves (does it come from a Universe where most of the stars are similar to brown dwarfs?). An alternative hypothesis is that each lobe functions to “see” a specific portion of the EM-spectrum or have slightly varying functions as do the cone and rod cells in our eyes (cone cells are used for color vision and work best in bright light, while rod cells are more effective in lower light levels).

three_lobed_burning_eye_by_pickmans_model The Three-Lobed Burning Eye by Elodie Roze

Still, since the Haunter is more than likely not a resident of our Universe, the three-lobed eye may not be used in the same manner as our eyes are. Lovecraft understood that they may be other means of perception beyond our known five senses, a concept based largely on his reading of Hugh Samuel Roger Elliot’s Modern Science and Materialism. Elliot claimed that our Universe would be perceived by us very differently if we had more than five senses; imagine what reality would look like if we could “see” the entire EM-spectrum. We frequently convert EM data of celestial bodies into color so we can see them. For example, Jupiter generates huge amounts of natural radio waves that are easily picked up on simple antennas and short-wave receivers (www.spacetoday.org). Shown below is what Jupiter “looks like” through radio waves. But does the Haunter’s three-lobed eye allow it to see other things beyond our EM-spectrum?  Can it “see” dark matter or dark energy? Can it “see” antimatter or the cosmic background radiation? Or is it see something else, something From Beyond?

jupiterradioimage13cm                                                                                             A radio image of Jupiter (www.spacetoday.org)

Next time we will definitely discuss Robert Bloch’s “The Shadow in the Steeple.” Thank you – Fred.

hofthed_rachelm5_dev The Haunter of the Dark by Rachelm5 (wwwdeviantart.com)

The Biology of the Haunter

hofthed_wilburwhateley                                                                                        The Haunter of the Dark by Wilbur Whateley (www.deviantart.com)

We know almost nothing about the biology of the Haunter of the Dark. Essentially, what we do know and be distilled down into three facts. First, the Haunter is not of our reality. Like the Mi-Go or Cthulhu, the Haunter is an entity from another universe that had slightly varying natural laws and properties. Thus, the matter the Haunter is composed of is very different than the matter of humans, Deep Ones or Elder Things. This first fact is extremely important and directly related to the third fact in this discussion.

The second fact, is based on the skeleton of Edwin M. Lillibridge found in the church by Robert Blake. The skeleton “must have been there for a very long time.” If the events in the “Haunter in the Dark” occurred in 1935 and Mr. Lillibridge died in 1893 (based on an advertising calendar found on his person), then 42 years elapsed since his death. This would have been a sufficient amount of time for his corpse to decompose down to bone. In the open air, it takes approximately two weeks for a substantial portion the body’s soft tissues to decompose. Even an unembalmed body buried six feet underground takes 8 to 12 years to fully decompose to a skeleton. Thus, 42 years is more than enough time for Mr. Lillibridge’s corpse to decompose down to bone.

hotd_spookylaboratory-blogspot-com                   The Haunter of the Dark (from http://www.spookylaboratory.blogspot.com)

While there is nothing unusual about the rate of decomposition of the corpse, the cause of death was difficult to identify. Upon close examination by Blake the bones were scattered and a few seemed dissolved at the ends. Additionally, other bones were strangely yellowed, with suggestions of being charred. This charring was also detected on some of the associated clothing. The skull was also stained yellow with a charred hole at the top of skull as if it was eaten away with some powerful acid.

While hydrofluoric acid is not a strong acid, its toxicity makes it particularly dangerous; relative to the human body, it scavenges calcium and forms a insoluble precipitate calcium fluoride, which results in severe pain and tissue damage. Thus, while Lovecraft mentions that the bone looked as if it was partially eaten away by a powerful acid, he also mentions several times that the bone and skull parts were charred. Thus, I hypothesize that the Haunter did not kill Lillibridge by spitting, spraying or emitting an acid. Instead, I hypothesize that since Lovecraft used the term char or charring three times in the description of the skeleton, I think the mode of attack and death on Lillibridge was bone charring.

Bone char is a process where bones are heated in a sealed container up to 1,292oF (700oC) under low oxygen concentrations. This results in burning off most of the organic material, leaving the bone char, which is also known as activated carbon. In turn, this material can be used in a number of capacities, including the treatment of potable water supplies. Bone char is particularly effective as a means of removing highly toxic metal ions from the water.

bonechar1446508011331                                  Activated carbon is the final product generated in the bone charring process (www.wikipedia.com)

Given the condition of the Lillibridge bones, I hypothesize that the bones actually exhibit some very localized and concentrated bone charring. Such charring had to have been done on a small scale, otherwise only bone char would have been found instead of the damaged skeleton. The Haunter may have some type of organ, maybe a trunk, proboscis or haustellum, to generate the conditions necessary for and subsequently implement the bone charring process in its victum. If this is the case, this attack must have been extremely painful. However, the possible use of hydrofluoric acid or similar compound should not be completely ruled out as will be discussed at the end of this article.

The third fact we know about the Haunter is that it is highly susceptible to light. Essentially, low light levels weaken it and higher levels of light banish it. It should be noted that while high levels of light make the Haunter disappear, it does not kill the entity. The Haunter can easily be re-summoned with the Shinning Trapezohedron, as described in previous articles. Again, the key to summoning and banishing the Haunter in our Space-Time and the degree of its power is directly correlated to the amount of light. So how is this possible?

As cited earlier in the first fact, similar to the Mi-Go, the Haunter is not made of the same matter we are; being from another Universe or at least beyond our Space-Time, the visible light portion of the electromagnetic (EM) spectrum affects it very differently than other species in our Space-Time. For us the EM spectrum can be divided into non-ionizing and ionizing radiation, where non-ionizing radiation does not have enough energy to ionize (remove an electron) atoms or molecules. This type of radiation is only strong enough to excite the election to a higher state and not remove it. From higher to lower frequencies, non-ionizing radiation includes light, infrared, microwaves, radio wave and extremely low frequency waves.

em-spectrum The electromagnetic spectrum showing both non-ionizing and ionizing radiation (www.wikipedia.com)

In contrast, ionizing radiation has a higher frequency and shorter wavelengths and can strip elections off atoms or molecules. This higher energy radiation can be a health hazard to humans. The more energy the higher the health risk. From lower to higher frequencies, ionizing radiation includes ultraviolet, X-rays and Gamma rays.

Again, light waves are non-ionizing and so do not pose a health hazard to humans or life on Earth in general. However, entities from another Space-Time, where the natural laws are slightly different, may respond to our EM spectrum differently relative to us. Thus, for the Haunter visible light may be an ultra-strong form of ionizing radiation that neutralizes it so it is sent back to its own Space-Time. If light is a strong form of radiation to the Haunter, are other forms of non-ionizing radiation also dangerous to it? Does this mean that ionizing radiation is not dangerous to the Haunter? We have very little information on this so some experimental work would be required.

steve_purcell_stufftoblowyourmind-23-2014-04-threelobedburningeye                     The Haunter by Steve Purcell (www.stufftoblowyourmind.com)

Such experiments would involve summoning the Haunter through the Shining Trapezohedron and then exposing the entity to varying forms of radiation, both ionizing and non-ionizing. Of course, the Haunter may not appreciate being experimented upon; however as long as a source of visible light is readily available the Haunter could easily be banished back to its own Space-Time if it gets agitated.  Extreme caution would obviously be required; we have no idea what effects the other sections of our EM spectrum would have on the Haunter so I would recommend multiple and varying sources of light.

_ll_the_haunter_of_the_dark__by_malakialagatta-d7tetq9 The Haunter of the Dark (malakialagatta.deviantart.com)

One concluding thought is that when they discovered the body of Robert Blake after the electrical storm when the Haunter broke out of the church steeple, he was sitting at his desk completely rigid with glassy bulging eyes. This “frozen” condition may have been the result of some type of calcification of the body, similar to what was described earlier with the hydrofluoric acid producing an insoluble precipitate. Thus, some type of chemical reaction, perhaps on the quantum level as well as the electrochemical level, occurred to result in this extreme case of paralysis. However, as previously mentioned we know very little about the Haunter and until additional encounters are documented and/or actual experimental work is conducted, the biology of this unique entity will remain largely unknown.

haunter_of_the_dark_by_pickmans_model                     The Haunter of the Dark by Pickmans Model (www.deviantart.com)

Next time we will conclude the Bloch / Lovecraft / Haunter trilogy with third tale, Bloch’s “The Shadow from the Steeple.” Thank you – Fred.

The Shining Trapezohedron Comes to Providence

haunter_jblee Haunter of the Dark by Jb Lee

For centuries, the Shining Trapezohedron was buried in the ancient tomb of Nephren-Ka. However, more than likely the tomb and the stone were discovered by Professor Enoch Bowen, a well-known archaeologist and occultist, who returned home to Providence, Rhode Island in 1844. Once back in Providence, Professor Bowen bought an old Free-Will Church and formed the Church of Starry Wisdom. By 1845 the Church had 97 members and was growing. However, religious tolerance for the Church eventually ended when residence started to disappear.

the_haunter_of_the_dark_by_faeriesoph The Haunter of the Dark by Faeriesoph

From the late 1840s and into the 1850s locals reported hearing strange sounds coming from the church in the dead of night and stories of the Shining Trapezohedron started to surface. These stories stated that “…Shining Trapezohedron shows them heaven & other worlds, & that the Haunter of the Dark tells them secrets in some way.” Again, more evidence that the stone is a window or “viewing scope” into other universes and Space-Times. Also, the secrets the Haunter tells may also refer to the ability to see into the future. From the notebook Robert Blake found in the Church tower, it is also stated that the Haunter can’t exist in light and that it flees from a little light and it banished by strong light but can be summoned again through the Shining Trapezohedron. This explains why the windows in the Church steeple were painted black, to minimize the amount of light so the Haunter could be summoned.

As the size of the Church’s congregation grew from the 1850s to the 1870s so did the number of disappearances. Again, similar to Nephren-Ka, it is hypothesized that these victims were used as blood sacrifices, providing the residential biological material needed for the Haunter and/or Nyarlathotep to remind in our Space-Time and increase in strength / power. In exchange, the power of prophecy may be one of the gifts provided to the worshippers. As I have previously stated, this is not a “fair exchange.” The Old Ones such as Nyarlathotep do not care at all about humanity; however, this relationship provided them with the opportunity to enter our Space-Time for extended periods of time and possibly to find a way to remain permanently. The Old Ones were simply using humanity out of convenience.

the_haunter_of_the_dark_by_gianmac The Haunter of the Dark by Gianmac (www.deivantart.com)

By 1877 the Church of the Starry Wisdom was run out of town. While no evidence was found to connect the Church to the disappearances, the City was convinced they were to blame. Thus, before the end of 1877 approximately 181 members of the Church left Providence and the church was boarded up until Edwin M. Lillibridge, a reported with the Providence Telegram, decided to explore the Church in 1893. In turn, Blake found the remains of Mr. Lillibridge in his exploration of the Church.

To conclude this discussion of the Shining Trapezohedron in Providence, it is interesting to note that while the congregation left the Church toward the end of 1877 fairly quickly never to return, they left the Shining Trapezohedron behind. Why? Did the Haunter tell the congregation in “…a secret language of their own…” to leave the stone behind for someone else to discover?  Were the members of the Church provided with a vision of the future based on the need to leave the Shining Trapezohedron in the Church to be discovered by someone else?  Unless a member of the congregation who left Providence in 1877 documented the reason why they left the Shining Trapezohedron behind we may never know the reason.

willhart_church                                                                           Church of Starry Wisdom by Will Hart

However, in addition to leaving the Shining Trapezohedron, members of the congregation did leave a small library of forbidden texts and books, which have been catalogued by Nate Pedersen and Johnathan Kearns in The Starry Wisdom Library: The Catalogue of the Greatest Occult Book Auction of All Time (2014). The Catalogue reviews all of the books found in the Starry Wisdom collection, some well-known such as the Necronomicon, others more obscure such as The Black Book of the Skull. The Catalogue provides a history of each tome as well as a description of its condition and summary of its contents. I highly recommend this book, which can be purchased on Amazon. Who knows if it will eventually lead you to actually acquiring one of these forbidden and rare books?

the-starry-wisdom-library-jhc-edited-by-nate-pedersen-2564-p

Next time we will complete our discussion of H.P. Lovecraft’s “The Haunter of the Dark” by reviewing what we know about the biology of this unique entity. Thank you – Fred.

Nephren-Ka and the Shining Trapezohedron

nephren_ka_the_black_pharaoh_by_mrzarono-d4btotz Nephren-Ka, the Black Pharaoh by Mr. Zarono (www.deviantart.com)

As previously mentioned Nephren-Ka is a Pharaoh of ancient Khem who utilized the Shining Trapezohedron to see into the future. In order to obtain an understanding of how to use the Shining Trapezohedron, Nephren-Ka conducted large-scale and mass ritualistic sacrifices to Nyarlathotep and as a result, any recorded documentation of his life was largely expunged from the ancient history. Thus, it is not surprising that Lovecraft knew every little of him and actually mentioned him by name only twice in all of this recorded tales. The first time toward the end of “The Outsider” after the protagonist looks in a mirror realizes exact what he is and states, “Now I ride with the mocking and friendly ghouls on the night-wind, and play by day amongst the catacombs of Nephren-Ka in the sealed and unknown valley of Hadoth by the Nile.” A little more on what this may indicate later.

The second time Nephren-Ka is mentioned by Lovecraft is in “The Haunter of the Dark,” where, “The Pharaoh Nephren-Ka built around it [referring to the Shining Trapezohedron] a temple with a windowless crypt, and did that which caused his name to be stricken from all monuments and records.” There are instances where Lovecraft may have been referring to Nephren-Ka, such as toward the end of “The Haunter of the Dark” when Blake states, “Is it not an avatar of Nyarlathotep, who in antique and shadowy Khem even took the form of man?” In “The Dreams in the Witch-House” there is a reference to the “Black Man” of the witch-cult and the “Nyarlathotep” of the Necronomicon. While Nephren-Ka was obviously of African descent it is unlikely that the Black Man in “The Dreams in the Witch-House” was Nephren-Ka. So what is the relationship between Nephren-Ka and Nyarlathotep? To answer that, he need to re-examine Robert Bloch’s take “Fane of the Black Pharaoh” in a little more detail.

1204833256_f                                               Nephren-Ka

In the Bloch tale, Nephren-Ka renounces all religions except that of Nyarlathotep. It was stated that Nephren-Ka sought the “power of prophecy, and built temples to the Blind Ape of Truth.” Nephren-Ka then performed a series of large-scale sacrifices, killing over 100 of this subjects in favor of Nyarlathotep.” I can find no information on the temple or faith of the Blind Ape of Truth; however, my guess is that this concept is in reference to humans being “blind” to the true nature of reality and the multiverse. I hypothesize that Nephren-Ka incorporated this concept into the dark temple of Nyarlathotep, since he would be the enlightened ape while the rest of humanity would be blind to the truth. Again, since any reference to Nephren-Ka was largely stricken from the historical records little else is known on the temple of the Blind Ape of Truth.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA                                                                                                                    Temple of the Ape God by Mr. Zarono (www.deviantart.com)

However, what is known about Nephren-Ka is that in exchange for knowledge on how to use the Shining Trapezohedron he sacrificed 100 (if not more) of his subjects to Nyarlathotep. So, if Nyarlathotep is an all-powerful Old Ones who knows how to travel through time, space and beyond, as well as manipulate and utilize matter and energy in ways we can’t even begin to understand, why does he need blood sacrifices? I believe it is another piece of supporting evidence for my hypothesis of “The Weakness of the Old Ones.”

While the Old Ones are all-powerful beyond our understanding, they are not originally from our Space-Time, which puts them at a disadvantage. They can enter our Space-Time but they appear to need help from our side such as cultists performing rituals (Cthulhu in “The Call of Cthulhu”) or hybridization with the resident entities (Yog-Sothoth in “The Dunwich Horror”). In the case of Nyarlathotep, blood (possibly DNA?) is required for his manifestation.  This appears to be the case in both “The Dreams in the Witch-House” as well as in Bloch’s “Fane of the Black Pharaoh.”. Not being residents from our Space-Time means the Old Ones can be easily defeated; however, if one of them does succeed in establishing themselves in our reality the results will be devastating. In ancient Khem the sacrifice of 100 people for Nyarlathotep may have been a serious attempt for this Old One to permanently secure his physical manifestation in our Space Time.

avatars_of_nyarlathotep_by_clone_artist Avatars of Nyarlathotep by Clone Artist (www.deviantart.com)

An alternative hypothesis is that enough blood was provided to Nyarlathotep in ancient Khem to take the form of Nephren-Ka, or at least take a human form (the Black Man or Dark Man). I do not think Nephren-Ka was originally an avatar for Nyarlathotep.  I believe he was a man who wanted power, specifically of prophecy, and was willing to do anything to achieve that goal. However, once he had that power it appears he remained in his sealed tomb for his remaining days, painting the walls of his temple-crypt with his visions of the future. The ambiguous mention of Nephren-Ka at the end of “The Outsider,” playing in the catacombs of Nephren-Ka, may have been in reference to his doomed state of knowing the future of humanity but being trapped in his sealed tomb. He was no long a Blind Ape – he was now an ape who could see but he was also an ape who was trapped.

the_vault_of_nephren_ka_by_eldest20-d6w0mma The Vault of Nephren-Ka by Eldest20 (www.deivantart.com)

Nephren-Ka, Keziah Mason and Walter Gilman may have all been employing various methods, intentional or unintentional, to open the way for Nyarlathotep to enter and establish himself in our Space-Time. Fortunately for us, none of them have succeeded. However, who’s to say who will succeed in the future? Maybe this event is prophesied in drawings on the walls of the tomb of Nephren-Ka.

Next time we will discuss the journey of the Shining Trapezohedron from ancient Khem to Providence, Rhode Island and the sect who more than likely attempted to use it – The Church of the Starry Wisdom. Thank you – Fred.

A Brief History of the Shining Trapezohedron

As previously discussed there appears to be an established methodology in the operation of the Shining Trapezohedron in H.P. Lovecraft’s “The Haunter in the Dark.” First, the Haunter needs to get the attention of a sentient entity and this is conducted through the trapezohedron. When the Haunter detects the presence of a sentient entity recognizing or acknowledging the trapezohedron through some sensory method, some type of connection is made. In our case this sensory method is sight, with photons of light reaching the light sensitive cells in the retina of our eyes (rods and cones) and then sending neural impulses to our brain for recognition. For other entities, the sensory method may be associated with heat or sound or even X-rays. Once this inter-dimensional connection of perception is made, complete darkness is required. Thus, it behooves the Haunter to put fear and paranoia into the receiving entity, forcing them to close the box. This puts the trapezohedron into complete darkness, which is required for the Haunter to enter our Universe. More on this and the biology of the Haunter relative to light in a later article; this article will review some of the historical accounts that have involved the Shining Trapezohedron.

shiningtrapezohedron_pro                                                                       Shining Trapezohedron

In “The Haunter in the Dark” Lovecraft describes the Shining Trapezohedron as “…a window on all time and space…” Again, this supports the concept that the trapezohedron functions as both a mode of communication as well as transportation. Also, as previously mentioned, if the information or matter conveyed by the stone uses technology that is beyond that of our Space-Time, the limitations associated with the speed of light may not apply to its use. Thus, peering into the trapezohedron may not be the same as looking at a star or nebula in a telescope where we are also looking into the distance past. The trapezohedron may be a “real time” window through time, space and beyond.

The Shining Trapezohedron was fashioned on Yuggoth and according to S.T. Joshi this appears to establish some type of connection among the Haunter, Yuggoth and/or Nyarlathotep (Lovecraft and a World in Transition: Collected Essays on H.P. Lovecraft by S.T. Joshi; 2014). It is said that the Old Ones brought the Shining Trapezohedron to Earth; however, it is not known if the term “Old Ones” refers to the Fungi from Yuggoth – the Mi-Go – or some other species. As stated in “Out of the Aeons” by H.P. Lovecraft and Hazel Heald, the Yuggoth Spawn existed on the dwarf planet eons before the arrival of the Mi-Go. The Yuggoth Spawn brought and deposited their patron daemon Ghatanothoa into the deep crypts of the fortress Yaddith-Gho on Yuggoth. It is certainly possible that the Yuggoth Spawn also brought the Shining Trapezohedron to Yuggoth, which was subsequently discovered by the Mi-Go and then eventually taken to Earth. In fact, the Mi-Go may have attempted to utilize the Trapezohedron as a weapon in their war against the Elder Things.

yuggothwatchtower_chaberwood_dev Yuggoth Watchtower by Chaberwood (www.deviantart.com). Was the Shining Trapezohedron housed in a structure like this on Yuggoth?

Eventually, the Elder Things possessed the Shining Trapezohedron. Once the stone was on Earth it was treasured and placed in a curious box by the crinoid things of Antarctica. This is obviously a reference to the Elder Things from At the Mountains of Madness.

The Haunter of the Dark goes on to document that the Shining Trapezohedron was salvaged from the ruins of the Elder Things (presumably from the Elder Things’ ancient cities in Antarctica) by the serpent-mean of Valusia (more on them in a future article). The first humans to gaze into the trapezohedron were from Lemuria and later from Atlantis. After the fall of the Atlantean civilization a Minoan fisherman found the stone in one of his nets and sold it to a merchant from “nighted Khem.”

It is said that the Pharaoh Nephren-Ka, also known as the Black Pharaoh, constructed an entire temple around the Shining Trapezohedron, placing it in a windowless crypt. Robert Bloch provides more information on the “atrocious sacrifices” Nephren-Ka did in his worship of Nyarlathotep (see Bloch’s story “Fane of the Black Pharaoh” in his book Mysteries of the Worm). Indeed, it is thought that Nyarlathotep gave Nephren-Ka the gift of prophecy and many of these prophecies were painted on the walls of the temple. Was this gift of prophecy simply Nephren-Ka harnessing the powers of observation associated with the Shining Trapezohedron? If the stone is a window of time and space, it could have easily been utilized as a means of predicting the future.

nephren_ka_the_black_pharaoh_by_mrzarono-d4btotz Pharaoh Nephren-Ka the Black Pharaoh by Mr. Zarono (www.deviantart.com)

Toward the end of “The Haunter of the Dark” Blake does say, “Is it not an avatar of Nyarlathotep, who in antique and shadowy Khem even took the form of man?” (H.P. Lovecraft). An avatar is a manifestation or representation of a deity or other entity. Thus, this is the connection that was cited by Joshi earlier in this article. Khem is simply one of the many names that the ancient people of Egypt called their country (Stephen S. Mehler; www.bibiotecapleyades.net). Also, if the Haunter is an avatar of Nyarlathotep, was Nephren-Ka another avatar of Nyarlathotep in ancient Khem?

As a result of his sacrifices, at least 100 documented victims, and the inter-dimensional power Nephren-Ka received from his dealings with Nyarlathotep through the Shining Trapezohedron, he was driven out of Khem, his name was stricken from history and all monuments to Nephren-Ka were destroyed. Next time we will discuss in more detail the relationship between the Black Pharaoh and Nyarlathotep and how Nephren-Ka used the Shining Trapezohedron. Thank you – Fred.

steve_purcell_stufftoblowyourmind-23-2014-04-threelobedburningeye                     Three-Lobed Burning Eye by Steve Purcell